Visual Concepts

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Visual Concepts
Founded 1988
Headquarters California, USA

Visual Concepts was an American video game developer founded in California in 1988. They developed their first game in 1991 (NES Trog!) and later developed Lester the Unlikely for the SNES, one of the worst known titles for the console. They are also known to have developed many sports games, namely the SNES adaptations of the Madden NFL series. When Sega bought Visual Concepts for $10,000,000, they wanted the company to develop sports games for the Dreamcast. In 2005, the company was bought by Take-Two Interactive which eventually evolved into 2K Sports.


Music Development


Jason Andersen and John Schappert programmed the SNES sound engine at Visual Concepts. The engine was mainly used by Brian Schmidt, but was also used by other composers as well including Matt Scott and Russell Lieblich. The name of the sound engine was SMSG (SNES Music and Sound Generator). Jason said this about the sound engine:

Our driver could play MIDI. I think 8 simultaneous voices from a custom made wave bank. Audio format was Nintendo BRR (Nintendo's flavor of ADPCM), 64k bytes of audio ram, our audio driver could stream a single channel of audio out of ROM using HDMA. Most companies had their own custom solutions for SNES audio.

Audio Personnel