TurboGrafx-16

From Video Game Music Preservation Foundation Wiki
(Redirected from PC Engine)
Jump to: navigation, search
Platform - TG16.png
TurboGrafx-16
TurboGrafx-16.jpg
Released: 1987-10-30
Discontinued: 1994-12-16
Developer: Hudson Soft, NEC
Type: Hardware

TurboGrafx-16 is a game console created by NEC Electronics. In Japan, it was known as the PC Engine(PCエンジン). It was the first 16-bit console to be released. The TurboGrafx-16 was meant to compete with consoles such as the Sega Genesis and Super Nintendo Entertainment System. However, the console did not get much third-party support, which led to there being better games for the Genesis and SNES, thus, the TurboGrafx-16 lost to both of them and faded into obscurity. Later, an addon known as the TurboGrafx CD (CD-ROM2 in Japan) was released, in which games could run on CDs with enhanced graphics and sound. Even with this addon, it didn't help the console. Another problem with the TurboGrafx-16 is that the console only contained one controller port, which meant that for consumers who wanted to play with 2 or more people, they were forced to buy the TurboTap.

The TurboGrafx-16 never got an official European release. However, unlicensed 3rd party developers made clones of the console.

Unlike most game consoles at the time, the TurboGrafx-16 didn't use cartridges, but rather what was called Hu-Cards, which the player would slide into the console. Even though the cards are the same in the USA and Japan, the TurboGrafx-16 and PC Engine are region coded, so modifying the console is required to make the two regions compatible with each other.

Many variations of the TurboGrafx-16 were released, including the TurboExpress, which was a portable handheld TurboGrafx-16, similar to the Sega Nomad. The PC Engine Duo was released in Japan, which was a PC Engine with the CD addon in one console.

Music & Sound

The TurboGrafx-16 uses the HuC6280 for music and sound effects. The chip contains six programmable wave channels, similar to the Namco WSG.

Links