Ocean Software

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Ocean Software Ltd.
Ocean Software.png
Founded 1984
Closed 1998
Headquarters Manchester, England

Ocean Software Ltd., often referred to simply as Ocean, was a very influential British gaming company. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, they were one of the largest video game companies and published games on nearly every console and computer architecture of the time. Ocean was acquired by Infogrames in 1996 and restructured and renamed to Infogrames UK in 1998.

During their NES development, none of the games they developed had credits. This could have possibly been at the request of Nintendo. However, Painting by Numbers would put credits in their games most of the time, and Special FX Software would put their developers' initials in the high scores.


Music Development


The composers at Ocean used OctaMED, a tracker for the Amiga.

Commodore 64

On early tapes, Ocean used Novaload and its example song.

Julie Dunn, Martin Galway and Fred Gray always used their own drivers.

Peter Clarke and Jonathan Dunn have used Galway's driver. Gary Biasillo and Matthew Cannon tried to use it, too, but didn't understand it. So in 1988, Paul Hughes created Music Driver according to Biasillo's wants, and with Galway's 441.6 Hz. Jonathan Dunn developed it further, and Keith Tinman and Dean Evans used it as well.


Jonathan Dunn created the sound driver and the music was written in hexadecimal. The driver was licensed to Special FX Software and Painting by Numbers for an undisclosed amount of money.


The music was made with MEdit. The instruments were from the Korg M1, Ensoniq EPS16 and Roland U-110.

Ocean's main SNES sound driver was a reprogrammed and repurposed version of Nintendo's Kankichi-kun driver, though separate sound drivers were programmed by Jonathan Dunn and Bobby Earl.

Audio Personnel