Mark Cooksey (NES Driver)
Mark Cooksey is the unofficial name of the NES sound driver that Mark Cooksey created for the Nintendo Entertainment System. Unlike his earlier music, Mark Cooksey didn't program the music by hand. Instead, he would create MIDI files in Notator for the Atari ST, and then programmed a conversion tool to convert MIDI commands to the NES. Mark worked for Elite Systems, their subsidiary MotiveTime, and NMS Software, and as a result, all their NES games use his sound driver.
Some of his soundtracks use arpeggios. It is unknown if he actually wrote the MIDI files like that, or if he wrote chords on a single MIDI channel, which the driver converted to an arpeggio. It is most likely that in the original MIDI files, a single note was placed, and an arpeggio effect was assigned to the instrument patch when converted to the NES.
According to Cooksey, the instruments in his driver were meant to sound like flutes.
The first game to use Mark Cooksey's NES sound driver was Dragon's Lair, which was also the only game released in Japan to use his driver. The last game to use his NES sound driver was the European-exclusive Aladdin. A few unreleased games also utilized his driver. In the game Joe and Mac, his sound driver utilized DPCM drums, which Mark said may have been supplied by Richard Frankish.
|1990-12-??||Dragon's Lair (NES)|| |
|1992-11-??||Prince of Persia (NES)|| |
|1993-06-??||Joe & Mac (NES)|| |
|1993-11-??||Cliffhanger (NES)|| |
|1993-11-??||Jimmy Connors Tennis (NES)|| |
|1993-12-??||Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: Ubisoft (NES)|| |
|1994-??-??||Aladdin (NES)|| |
|Unreleased||The Adventures of Dr. Franken (NES)|| |
|Unreleased||Hoppin' Mad (NES)|| |
B-8 = 07 A#8 = 07 A-8 = 07 G#8 = 08 G-8 = 08 F#8 = 09 F-8 = 0A E-8 = 0A D#8 = 0B D-8 = 0B C#8 = 0C C-8 = 0D B-7 = 0E A#7 = 0E A-7 = 0F G#7 = 10 G-7 = 11 F#7 = 12 F-7 = 14 E-7 = 15 D#7 = 16 D-7 = 17 C#7 = 19 C-7 = 1A B-6 = 1C A#6 = 1D A-6 = 1F G#6 = 21 G-6 = 23 F#6 = 25 F-6 = 28 E-6 = 2A D#6 = 2C D-6 = 2F C#6 = 32 C-6 = 35 B-5 = 38 A#5 = 3B A-5 = 3F G#5 = 43 G-5 = 47 F#5 = 4B F-5 = 50 E-5 = 54 D#5 = 59 D-5 = 5F C#5 = 64 C-5 = 6A B-4 = 71 A#4 = 77 A-4 = 7F G#4 = 86 G-4 = 8E F#4 = 97 F-4 = A0 E-4 = A9 D#4 = B3 D-4 = BE C#4 = C9 C-4 = D5 B-3 = E2 A#3 = EF A-3 = FE G#3 = 10D G-3 = 11D F#3 = 12E F-3 = 140 E-3 = 153 D#3 = 167 D-3 = 17C C#3 = 193 C-3 = 1AB B-2 = 1C4 A#2 = 1DF A-2 = 1FC G#2 = 21A G-2 = 23A F#2 = 25C F-2 = 280 E-2 = 2A6 D#2 = 2CF D-2 = 2F9 C#2 = 327 C-2 = 357 B-1 = 389 A#1 = 3BF A-1 = 3F8 G#1 = 435 G-1 = 475 F#1 = 4B9 F-1 = 501 E-1 = 54D D#1 = 59E D-1 = 5F3 C#1 = 64E C-1 = 6AE
Adventures of Dr. Franken: $C50A-$C58A
Dragon's Lair: $C4D1-$C551
Hoppin' Mad: $394D-$39CD
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: $184F7-$18577
Jimmy Connor's Tennis: $1450A-$1458A
Joe & Mac: $16631-$166B1
Prince of Persia: $1AE1E-$1AE9E