Difference between revisions of "Anthony Lees"

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  | Name        = Anthony Lees
 
  | Name        = Anthony Lees
 
  | Picture    = NoPhoto.png
 
  | Picture    = NoPhoto.png
  | Born        = 19??
+
  | Born        = 1969 or 1970
  | Died        = August 2016  
+
  | Died        = August 2016 (Age 46 or 47)
 
  | BirthPlace  = Unknown
 
  | BirthPlace  = Unknown
  | Nationality = Unknown
+
  | Nationality = English
  | Flag        = Unknown
+
  | Flag        = England
 
  | Aliases    = Ant. Lees
 
  | Aliases    = Ant. Lees
 
  | Website    =  
 
  | Website    =  
 
}}
 
}}
  
'''Anthony Lees''' was one of the well-known [[Commodore 64]] composers.
+
'''''Anthony Lees''''' was one of the well-known [[Commodore 64]] composers.
  
Contrary to the many others video game composers, Anthony Lees was familiar with the music from early childhood. He learned how to play clarinet, alto sax and bassoon, for many years working in a choir.
+
Contrary to many other video game composers, Anthony Lees was familiar with music from early childhood. He learned how to play clarinet, alto sax and bassoon, for many years working in a choir.
  
In the mid-1980s, however, he switched to a Commodore 64 programming. He was able to write a music routine no later than in 1986, and then to enter a music competition to compose the music for the game called Mindsmear. Actually, by itself the whole "competition" was a kind of April Fool joke held by ZZAP! 64 magazine, because the Mindsmear did not even exist, but some composers brought a music pieces and Anthony Lees won. It caught an attention of the [[System 3]] owner, Mark Cale, who then chose Lees to work alongside the professional composer, [[Ben Daglish]], on the music for the real game, [[The Last Ninja (C64)]]. Anthony Lees provided 6 tracks (tunes 1, 2, 4, 5, 9, and 10 in the game's rip), while Ben Danglish composed the rest.
+
In the mid-1980s, however, he switched to Commodore 64 programming. Between June 12 and July 10, 1986, at age 16, he entered a music competition held by ZZAP! 64 magazine to compose the music for a fictional game called ''Mindsmear'' (which started out as an April Fools' joke and remained fictional, but turned into a music competition). One of the three judges was [[Richard Joseph]]. Anthony Lees submitted at least 3 songs and won against [[Barry Leitch]], [[Jonathan Dunn]] and [[Neil Baldwin]]. It caught the attention of the [[System 3]] owner, Mark Cale, who then chose Lees to work alongside the professional composer [[Ben Daglish]] on the music for a real game, [[The Last Ninja (C64)]]. Anthony Lees provided 6 tracks (tunes 1, 2, 4, 5, 9, and 10 in the game's rip), while Ben Daglish composed the rest.
  
 
Anthony Lees' new music was considered for the sequel, [[Last Ninja 2: Back With a Vengeance (C64)]], but was rejected, as it was told, due to the unfitting style, and [[Matt Gray]]'s work was chosen instead. He then composed music for some other games, including the [[Incredible Shrinking Sphere (C64)]], also trying to move onto 16-bit systems, but much of his work remained unpublished.  
 
Anthony Lees' new music was considered for the sequel, [[Last Ninja 2: Back With a Vengeance (C64)]], but was rejected, as it was told, due to the unfitting style, and [[Matt Gray]]'s work was chosen instead. He then composed music for some other games, including the [[Incredible Shrinking Sphere (C64)]], also trying to move onto 16-bit systems, but much of his work remained unpublished.  
  
Unfortunately, in the late 1980s, Lees' father passed away, and that affected him deeply. He made a decision to quit composing music for a job, making it as a part of a hobby instead. His new job was at the Civil Service, and he remained here for about 30 years.  
+
Unfortunately, in the late 1980s, Lees' father passed away, and that affected him deeply. He made a decision to quit composing music for a job, despite starting to have a definite success, making it as a part of a hobby instead. His new job was at the Civil Service, and he remained there for about 30 years. He seems to very scarcely have done some minor programming and game design in later games, however.
  
In August 2016, Anthony Lees passed away in a traffic accident, just two years before his former collegue, Ben Daglish, died from a lung cancer. Due to him not maintaning much contacts with any people in the Commodore 64 community, only in June 2018 they heard about his death, and obituary has been written using the information from his friends.
+
In August 2016, Anthony Lees passed away in a traffic accident, just two years before his former colleague, Ben Daglish, died from lung cancer. Due to him not maintaining many contacts with any people in the Commodore 64 community, only in June 2018 his wife told them about his death, and an obituary has been written using the information from his old interviews.
 +
 
 +
It is assumed he was British, because Ben Daglish was, and all games he provided his music to were published in the UK mainly. When he entered the competition, he had just finished his O levels at school and was living in Great Harwood, Lancashire, England.
  
<br clear="all" />
 
 
==Music Development==
 
==Music Development==
 +
===Amiga/Atari ST===
 +
It is unknown what he has used to create tunes for [[Amiga]] and [[Atari ST]], though it was mostly never published anyway.
 +
 
===Commodore 64===
 
===Commodore 64===
Anthony Lees wrote his own music routine for composing music on Commodore 64. He has stated on the making of the Last Ninja:
+
Anthony Lees wrote his own music driver for composing music on Commodore 64. He has stated on the making of the Last Ninja:
  
 
{{Quote|I did six tunes for LN, the first of which was the one involving the creepy jungle music (which was and still is my favourite) - the inspiration is hard to nail down, but it was probably the film 'Apocalypse Now' - very dense, troubled and scary moods were evoked.}}
 
{{Quote|I did six tunes for LN, the first of which was the one involving the creepy jungle music (which was and still is my favourite) - the inspiration is hard to nail down, but it was probably the film 'Apocalypse Now' - very dense, troubled and scary moods were evoked.}}
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In the game's binary of the fifth tune, he added an interesting comment:
 
In the game's binary of the fifth tune, he added an interesting comment:
  
{{Quote|DONE BY ANTHONY LEES FOR SYSTEM 3 ON 5/4/87...EAT YER HEART OUT GALWAY!}}
+
{{Quote|DONE BY ANTHONY LEES FOR SYSTEM 3 ON 5/4/87...EAT YER HEART OUT [[Martin Galway|GALWAY]]!}}
  
It is unknown what he has used to create tunes for Amiga and Atari ST, though it was never published anyway.
+
In 1988, he switched to [[Ubik's Musik]].
  
 
==Gameography==
 
==Gameography==
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|-
 
|-
 
| 1987-??-??
 
| 1987-??-??
| [[Captain America in The Doom Tube (C64)]]
+
| [[Captain America in: The Doom Tube of Dr. Megalomann (C64)]]
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|
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|
 
|
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|-
 +
| 1988-??-??
 +
| [[Last Ninja 2: Back With a Vengeance (C64)]]
 +
|
 +
| Unreleased tracks
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 1989-??-??
 
| 1989-??-??
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|
 
|
 
|
 
|
 +
|-
 +
| 1989-??-??
 +
| [[Incredible Shrinking Sphere (AST)]]
 +
|
 +
| Composer, also might have been an arranger
 +
|-
 +
| 1991-??-??
 +
| [[Brat (AST)]]
 +
|
 +
| <div style="width:400px">Probably composed long before the game's release, because Anthony Lees was inactive from 1990 or even 1989</div>
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
+
==Links==
 
+
* [https://www.mobygames.com/developer/sheet/view/developerId,117739/ mobygames.com/developer/sheet/view/developerId,117739/] - MobyGames.
== Links ==
+
* [http://heechee.net/c64/ninja/crew.php heechee.net/c64/ninja/crew.php] - Interview from August 17, 1999.
 +
* [https://facebook.com/chris.abbott.9638/posts/10213713304639469 facebook.com/chris.abbott.9638/posts/10213713304639469] - Interview from Commodore Zone Issue 14.
 
* [https://c64audio.com/blogs/news/anthony-lees-an-obituary c64audio.com/blogs/news/anthony-lees-an-obituary] - An obituary.
 
* [https://c64audio.com/blogs/news/anthony-lees-an-obituary c64audio.com/blogs/news/anthony-lees-an-obituary] - An obituary.
 
* [https://csdb.dk/scener/?id=4290 csdb.dk/scener/?id=4290] - A page about his Commodore music and credits.
 
* [https://csdb.dk/scener/?id=4290 csdb.dk/scener/?id=4290] - A page about his Commodore music and credits.
  
[[Category:People Who Have Died]]
+
 
 +
[[Category: Composers]]
 +
[[Category: Sound Programmers]]
 +
[[Category: People Who Have Died]]

Latest revision as of 19:36, 3 February 2020

Anthony Lees
NoPhoto.png
Born 1969 or 1970
Birth Place Unknown
Nationality English   England.svg
Died August 2016 (Age 46 or 47)
Aliases Ant. Lees

Anthony Lees was one of the well-known Commodore 64 composers.

Contrary to many other video game composers, Anthony Lees was familiar with music from early childhood. He learned how to play clarinet, alto sax and bassoon, for many years working in a choir.

In the mid-1980s, however, he switched to Commodore 64 programming. Between June 12 and July 10, 1986, at age 16, he entered a music competition held by ZZAP! 64 magazine to compose the music for a fictional game called Mindsmear (which started out as an April Fools' joke and remained fictional, but turned into a music competition). One of the three judges was Richard Joseph. Anthony Lees submitted at least 3 songs and won against Barry Leitch, Jonathan Dunn and Neil Baldwin. It caught the attention of the System 3 owner, Mark Cale, who then chose Lees to work alongside the professional composer Ben Daglish on the music for a real game, The Last Ninja (C64). Anthony Lees provided 6 tracks (tunes 1, 2, 4, 5, 9, and 10 in the game's rip), while Ben Daglish composed the rest.

Anthony Lees' new music was considered for the sequel, Last Ninja 2: Back With a Vengeance (C64), but was rejected, as it was told, due to the unfitting style, and Matt Gray's work was chosen instead. He then composed music for some other games, including the Incredible Shrinking Sphere (C64), also trying to move onto 16-bit systems, but much of his work remained unpublished.

Unfortunately, in the late 1980s, Lees' father passed away, and that affected him deeply. He made a decision to quit composing music for a job, despite starting to have a definite success, making it as a part of a hobby instead. His new job was at the Civil Service, and he remained there for about 30 years. He seems to very scarcely have done some minor programming and game design in later games, however.

In August 2016, Anthony Lees passed away in a traffic accident, just two years before his former colleague, Ben Daglish, died from lung cancer. Due to him not maintaining many contacts with any people in the Commodore 64 community, only in June 2018 his wife told them about his death, and an obituary has been written using the information from his old interviews.

It is assumed he was British, because Ben Daglish was, and all games he provided his music to were published in the UK mainly. When he entered the competition, he had just finished his O levels at school and was living in Great Harwood, Lancashire, England.

Music Development

Amiga/Atari ST

It is unknown what he has used to create tunes for Amiga and Atari ST, though it was mostly never published anyway.

Commodore 64

Anthony Lees wrote his own music driver for composing music on Commodore 64. He has stated on the making of the Last Ninja:

I did six tunes for LN, the first of which was the one involving the creepy jungle music (which was and still is my favourite) - the inspiration is hard to nail down, but it was probably the film 'Apocalypse Now' - very dense, troubled and scary moods were evoked.

In the game's binary of the fifth tune, he added an interesting comment:

DONE BY ANTHONY LEES FOR SYSTEM 3 ON 5/4/87...EAT YER HEART OUT GALWAY!

In 1988, he switched to Ubik's Musik.

Gameography

Released Title Sample Comment
1987-??-?? The Last Ninja (C64) With Ben Daglish
1987-??-?? Captain America in: The Doom Tube of Dr. Megalomann (C64)
1987-??-?? Rainbow Dragon (C64)
1988-??-?? Dream Warrior (C64)
1988-??-?? Street Warriors (C64)
1988-??-?? Last Ninja 2: Back With a Vengeance (C64) Unreleased tracks
1989-??-?? Incredible Shrinking Sphere (C64)
1989-??-?? Incredible Shrinking Sphere (AST) Composer, also might have been an arranger
1991-??-?? Brat (AST)
Probably composed long before the game's release, because Anthony Lees was inactive from 1990 or even 1989

Links